The old that is poor Knights Templar have been done to death in more ways than one! Everybody and her aunt have written about them. If you type them in a search engine, Who were the Knights Templar? You get a return of 12,800. Try Who were the Knights Hospitallers. You get a yield of precisely 3! It is interesting to note, however, that there’s still a Grand Master of the Order. The gentleman’s name Is Matthew Festing, and his entire name is; Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta.
The Hospitallers were Called; The Order of St. John of the Hospital of Jerusalem. The words ‘Hospice’ And ‘Hospital’ were synonymous during the 11th. century. They were scattered about all over Western Europe and were areas in which to rest, especially for poor travelers and pilgrims. But, there was very little in the way of medical aid available. In around 1050, a Group of Amalfitan merchants took control of a hospice in Jerusalem to look after pilgrims from Western Europe. A whole lot of hospices in the Islamic Middle East were here today, gone tomorrow affairs, but this one lasted a very long time. It was built near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and has been determined by the church of Sancta Maria Latina. It became extremely popular. Lots of the Latin congregation, which was dominated by the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Sepulchre, were drawn away from this place of worship.
A guy named Gerard was Possibly the protector of the hospice, and his followers lived a quasi-religious life. Following the Crusaders’ conquest of Jerusalem in 1099, Gerard and his little hospice were separated from the church of Sancta Maria Latina and in 1113 became sovereign. This was brought about By a particular Papal privilege and the calm Blessed Gerard being called as the Military Order’s First Master. I use the words ‘Military Order’ more as a future name, for now there was nothing military about the Hospitallers. A few years after, the Fur really started to fly when the Hospital Master, presumably Gerard, though he died in 1120, acquired Papal exemption from having to bow to the dictates of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, the senior churchman in the Crusader Kingdom.
This caused a great Deal of desmond teo yen koon bitterness and anger within the established church of the Crusader States. Pouring salt to the wound was the fact that two other hospices originally shared the identical coveted position. It is very difficult to Pinpoint the time when the Hospitallers really became a military order, but at the earlier part of the 12th. Century, it became less Italian and more French in its make-up, which does seem to go together with the Order moving inexorably towards among army standing